Rafael Dieste

Category: Writer and political activist
Birth Date: 29th January 1899 (†15th October 1981)
Birth Place: Rianxo (A Coruña)

Before the military service he travelled to Mexico and La Havana. When he came back to Galicia, he collaborated with Faro de Vigo and founded the puppet theatre Las Misiones Pedagógicas. In 1934 he married Carmen Muñoz and a year later he travelled to France, Belgium, Holland and Italy in order to study the literary and scenic problems of the theatre. In 1937 he became the director of the Spanish Theatre in Madrid. A year later he enlisted the Republic Army voluntarily and was sent to the concentration camp of San Cyprién in France. Then he was liberated thanks to the help of some French friends. He was always a commited writer against Franco's dictatorship. In 1970 he was elected as a member of the Galician Academy. He made a speech to enter the Academy titled A vontade de estilo na fala popular.

 Work & Activities

Before the war he wrote in Galician language. Dos arquivos do trasno (1926) and A fiestra valdeira (1927) are two of his most important books. After the war he also wrote in Castilian language and published works such as Viaje y fin de Don Frontán (1930), Quebranto de doña Luperia y otras farsas, Nuevo retablo de las maravillas and so forth. Some of his last literary productions are Viaje, duelo y perdición: tragedia, humorada y comedia, Entre a terra e o ceo and El alma y el espejo.

 Other Interesting Aspects

The Galician Academy dedicated him ?O Día das Letras Galegas? (The Day of the Galcian Letters) in 1995.