Florentino López Alonso-Cuevillas

Category: Researcher, etnógrapher
Birth Date: 14th November 1886 († 30th July 1958)
Birth Place: Ourense

As he was an only child he lived very close to his mother, Vicenta Alonso-Cuevillas Alváres-Seara. He studied at Leon XIII School and from 1896 to 1901 he studied at a Secondary School in Ourense. In 1902, he studied Pharmacy at University in Santiago. In 1911, he went to Madrid and attended classes of Spanish History and Literature History. In Madrid, he married Milagros Rodríguez and had three daughters. Back again in Ourense he got into the social environment taking part in different activities and giving lectures. In 1919, he worked as a librarian. His first articles appeared in the newspaper El Miño and also colaborated in La Zarpa, Pueblo Gallego, Diario de Orense, El Heraldo, Misión, Faro de Vigo, La Noche and La Región. At the beginning of the year 1918, he got into the Irmandades da Fala and in 1920 he took part in the foundation Nós. From 1922 onwards he devoted himself to study and investigated Prehistory and Ethnography. In 1926, he was elected as supervisor of Prehistory Section at the Seminary of Galician Studies. So he started the prospecting of many regions, the cataloguising of hill forts and the elaboration of dispersion maps. He also made excavations at iron-Age settlements. In 1914, he got into the Galician Academy. He also became the supervisor of Prehistory Section at the Institute of Galician Studies.

 Work & Activities

Although from 1920 onwards he centred almost exclusively on stuydying and investigating Prehistory, Etnography and Archeology we must not forget his literary production. Many literary essays and articles, both in Castilian and Galician language, were inserted in newspapers such as Nós, La Noche, Galicia Emigrante or in collective books such as Paisaxe e Cultura, Homaxe a Ramón O. Pedrayo. In 1920, he published the essay titled Dos nosos tempos in the first number of the magazine Nós and described the spiritual situation of the Group Nós at that moment. This essay implied the beginning of his vocations as supporter of Galician autonomy, although he did not give up Literature definitively. In 1922, he published his first archaeological work titled La Mansión de Aquis Quesequerius in Nós starting the Archaeology section in the magazine. On 28th April 1924 he became a member of the Seminary of Galician Studies with his work A edade de ferro na Galiza. In 1962, four years after his death, the publishing house Galaxia compiled 32 of his essays written in Galician language in the book Prosas Galegas (republished in 1971). It is a selection of works: literary works such as O trasno na vila, O poema da seca, Trono, Néboa, Sementeira..., texts about the writers of Ourense Curros, Lamas Carvajal and Otero Pedrayo and archaeological-theme essays such as Noite na Citania.

 Other Interesting Aspects

The Galician Academy dedicated him ?O Día das Letras Galegas? (The Day of the Galcian Letters) in 1968.