Francisco Franco Baamonde

Category: Military man and chief of state
Birth Date: 4th December 1892 (†20 November 1975)
Birth Place: Ferrol

After studying Primary Education, he entered the Navy School, where he studied Secondary Education and was educated to enter the Army. In 1907 he was admitted to the Infantry Academy in Toledo and some years later he carried out some war merits in Morocco. He was appointed to Oviedo (1917-1920) where he suppressed the revolutionary strike in Asturias in 1917. In 1923, he married Carmen Polo, being the King Alphonso XIII the best man. Then he went back again to Marocco and when he was 34 he became the youngest brigadier-general in Europe. In 1928, Primo de Rivera nominated him as director of the Military Academy in Zaragoza, but in 1931 the centre was closed by the Republic. Three years later, in October, he was asked to suppress another revolution in Asturias. In 1935, he became chief of State. The Government of the Popular Front nominated him as military commander in the Canarian Islands and decided to prepare the military rising. After Sanjurjo's death and once the Meeting of National Defence was constituted in Burgos, Franco was elected on 29th September to be commander-in-chief. In 1938, he turned the Meeting into the first national Government, filling the offices of head of the Government and chief of State. When de Civil War was over, he reconstructed the country turning it into a Catholic and authoritarian one. The regime was definitively established with the promulgation of the Law for the Parliament's creation (1942) or the Law of Succession to the State leadership (1947). In 1966, the Law of the State was created and four years later he nominated Prince Juan Carlos de Borbón as his successor. In 1973, he delegated the leadership to Carrero Blanco, who died in an outrage that same year. In 1971, he delegated to the Minister of the Interior Arias Navarro.