Felipe de Castro

Category: Sculptor
Birth Date: 10th June 1704 (†25th August 1775)
Birth Place: Noia (A Coruña)

He studied in Compostela, Lisbon (1724), Seville (1726) and Rome (1733). He returned to Spain in 1747.

 Work & Activities

He was a sculptor at the Court of King Fernando VI, making portraits of the King, his wife Bárbara de Braganza, Sarmiento, etc. His busts are the most imporant ones of the sculpture of the 18th century. He also sculpted the busts of the Roman emperors Trajano and Teodosio (both of them were born in Spain), the Visigothic Kings Ataulfo, Walia and Turismundo and Kings Enrique II and Felipe II. He sculpted the statues of St Isidoro and St Leandro. Some of his works can be found in several Galician viallges such as 'La Virgen de la Asunción de Santa María de Isorna' in Padrón (A Coruña), 'San José del Carmen' in Padrón (A Coruña) and two angels in the façade of St Martín Pinario Monastery.

 Other Interesting Aspects

He was one of the most important promotors of the Royal Academy of Fine Arts (1752), which he directed in 1762. He Dejó his library to the University of Santiago de Compostela. In 1739, he was awarded the first Sculpture Prize, organised by St Lucas Academy in Rome that nominated him as honorary member in 1746. He was a member of the Design Academy of Florence and one of the foundation members of the Economical Society of Madrid. He wrote the manuscripts Lección de la Academia Florentina sobre la primacía de las artes y Relación de pinturas y esculturas de Madrid